Thursday, October 13, 2011

Influential Figures - Mahatma Gandhi

Casey Childs, Mahatma Gandhi (1869 - 1948), Charcoal, 14x8.5″

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi - Political & Ideological Leader
  • Born: 2 October 1869(1869-10-02)
  • Birthplace: British India
  • Died: 30 January 1948 New Delhi, India(1948-01-30) (assassination by shooting)
  • Best Known For: prominent figure for Indian independence movement
Gandhi was the pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement. A pioneer of satyagraha, or resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience — a philosophy firmly founded upon ahimsa, or total nonviolence — Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for easing poverty, expanding women's rights, building religious and ethnic amity, ending untouchability, increasing economic self-reliance, but above all for achieving Swaraj — the independence of India from foreign domination. Gandhi famously led Indians in protesting the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km (250 mi) Dandi Salt March in 1930, and later in calling for the British to Quit India in 1942. He was imprisoned for many years, on many occasions, in both South Africa and India.

Gandhi strove to practice non-violence and truth in all situations, and advocated that others do the same. He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven with yarn he had hand spun on a charkha. He ate simple vegetarian food, and also undertook long fasts as means of both self-purification and social protest.


Anonymous said...

Just to be fair it is worth of mentionning that the independency of India was more a result of a lack of "will to govern" of Britons rather then the result of Gandhi´s activity. Moreover the independency of India costed anything between 1 and 3 millions of human lifes when muslims and hindus separated in fight, muslims moving West and East, tearing India apart... India, Bangladesh and Pakistan is the result. Gandhi´s modest lifestyle costed his friends and fans millions of US dollars... I think it is important to see the reality in all of it´s aspects, not to fall under simplification dictate of media image of reality. Sorry, I do not want to spoil the holly idea... but the reality is important for painters, let´s leave abstract constructs to conceptual "artists".

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